Mount Damavand is not only a geological wonder, but also a cultural and mythical treasure in Iran. Throughout the history of Iranian civilization, Mount Damavand has been the subject of many myths and legends, each of which has evolved over time. In this blog post, we will explore more of these fascinating legends and how they have changed over the years.

The Legend of Fereydun and Zahhak on Mount Damavand:

One of the earliest legends associated with Mount Damavand is related to the Persian epic, Shahnameh. In the epic, a mythical hero named Fereydun climbed the mountain to overthrow the tyrant king Zahhak. The story goes that Zahhak was a cruel and oppressive ruler, with snakes growing out of his shoulders as a symbol of his evil. In order to appease him, the people of Iran were forced to provide him with two young men every day to be sacrificed to his snakes.

Fereydun, a noble prince, was chosen by the people to lead a rebellion against Zahhak. He gathered an army and set out to confront the tyrant king. During their battle, Fereydun succeeded in cutting off Zahhak’s snakes and imprisoning him in a cave on Mount Damavand.

The story of Fereydun and Zahhak is often cited as a metaphor for the struggle between good and evil, and the ultimate triumph of justice over oppression. The legend has been retold and reinterpreted in various forms of Iranian art and literature, cementing Mount Damavand’s place as a symbol of Iranian national identity and pride.

The Epic Battle of Garshasp and the Dragon:

According to Persian mythology, Garshasp was a legendary hero who lived during the time of King Jamshid. He was renowned for his bravery, strength, and prowess in battle.

One day, while Garshasp was traveling in the mountains near Damavand, he heard the distant cries of a village under attack. Rushing to the scene, he saw a fierce dragon ravaging the countryside and devouring the villagers.

Without hesitation, Garshasp drew his sword and charged at the beast. The dragon breathed fire and spewed poisonous gas, but Garshasp was undaunted. He fought with all his might, hacking at the dragon with his sword and dodging its deadly attacks.

The battle raged on for hours, but Garshasp refused to give up. Finally, with a mighty blow, he struck the dragon’s neck and severed its head from its body.

This story symbolizes the importance of perseverance and determination in the face of adversity. The dragon in the story can be seen as a metaphor for the challenges and obstacles that one may face in life, while Garshasp represents the human spirit and its ability to triumph over adversity with courage and determination. Overall, the story teaches us to have faith in ourselves and to never give up in the face of adversity.

Over time, the myths and legends associated with Mount Damavand have continued to evolve and change. Some people believe that the mountain is a portal to other worlds, while others believe that it is home to powerful spirits and deities. Regardless of the specifics, the enduring popularity of these stories speaks to the deep significance that Mount Damavand holds for Iranian culture and identity.


Mount Damavand is more than just a physical landmark – it is a symbol of the enduring myths and legends that have shaped Persian culture for millennia. Whether you are a believer in these legends or simply appreciate the beauty of the mountain itself, there is no denying the profound impact that Mount Damavand has had on Iranian history and culture.